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Universe Tankships of Monrovia v International Transport Workers Federation [1983]

Facts

  • The International Transport Workers Federation blacked the claimant’s ship and prevented them from leaving dock unless they signed new contracts for their employees

Issue

  • Had the new contracts been signed under duress

Decision

  • Yes, claim allowed, contracts were void

Reasoning

  • There are 2 elements to duress: pressure amounting to compulsion of will and illegitimacy of that pressure
  • No other practical choice constituted duress, even though signed contracts of own accord, therefore ‘consented’
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