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Irvine v Watson (1880)


  • The defendant (principal) employed an agent to purchase oil
  • The claimant (third party) delivered the oil to the agent
  • The the party paid his agent
  • The agent became insolvent, meaning that the third party did not receive its money


  • Had the principal discharged his payment obligation to the third party?


  • No


  • Rarely should a third party be denied a remedy to a principal; the principal buy blue xanax online takes on the risk of using an agent in disclosed agency
  • Obiter: this case doubted Armstrong v Stokes (1872)
  • Obiter: a third party should only pay an agent if authority has been given by the principal to the agent to receive the payment (so be careful, third parties)
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