- The defendant (principal) employed an agent to purchase oil
- The claimant (third party) delivered the oil to the agent
- The the party paid his agent
- The agent became insolvent, meaning that the third party did not receive its money
- Had the principal discharged his payment obligation to the third party?
- Rarely should a third party be denied a remedy to a principal; the principal buy blue xanax online takes on the risk of using an agent in disclosed agency
- Obiter: this case doubted Armstrong v Stokes (1872)
- Obiter: a third party should only pay an agent if authority has been given by the principal to the agent to receive the payment (so be careful, third parties)