Ireland v Livingston (1872)


  • Livingston (principal) asked Ireland (agent) to procure 500 (+/- 50 tons) of sugar and have it shipped to any of a number of possible destinations in the UK
  • In Ireland’s market (Mauritius), procuring 500 tons was next to impossible
  • Ireland shipped 400 tons to Livingston, and Livingston rejected them


  • Was Livingston bound to accept the sugar?


  • Yes


  • Ireland, within his actual authority, was authorised to apply a reasonable interpretation to his agency agreement
  • As 500 tons was unavailable, it was reasonable to assume that 400 tons would be acceptable
RELATED CASE  Poseidon Chartering BV v Marianne Zeeschip Vof [2006, ECJ]

Posted in Commercial Law Revision Notes.

This page was last updated on 30th December 2014

© 2020 Webstroke Law - Terms and Privacy Policy